Latin School was the first school in the colonies (also called the
Roxbury Latin School). Founded on April 23, 1635.
College, the first college in the colonies.
Massachusetts Law of 1642 was created.
This law stated that the parents,
apprentice-masters, or guardians of children and servants were required to
make sure that their wards adequately understood the basic principles of
religion and the capital laws of the commonwealth. They also had to
make sure that their wards were competent in reading and writing. If
the government decided that the parents, apprentice-masters, or guardians
were not abiding by this law, they would remove the child from their home
and place them in another home where they could receive adequate
Massachusetts Law of 1647 was created. This law was also called the
Old Deluder Satan Act.
This law required that towns consisting of
fifty families hire a schoolmaster to educate the children of the town in
reading and writing. Towns that consisted of one hundred families
were required to hire a grammar schoolmaster who would prepare the
children to attend Harvard College.
General Court of Massachusetts created a new class of government officials
charged with inspecting families to make sure they obeyed the education
laws. They were called tithing
enacted a law that required all children to be taught to read and write by
the age of 12. Also, the children had to be trained in a useful
trade or skill.
first edition of the New
England Primer was printed. This was the principal book used in
American schooling. The book was in use through 1900. The book
was used for what we now consider first grade, although the grade system
was not implemented at the time.
Jefferson proposed a plan to the Virginia Assembly advocating
universal elementary instruction. George Washington suggested
that a national university be erected.
Samuel Harrison Smith and Samuel
Knox suggested a uniform national school system be imposed.
Gertrude Teaches Her Children, and Leonard and Gertrude were
published. They were both authored by Johann
Continental Congress passed an ordinance stipulating that 1% of land in
each township in the Northwest Territory should be reserved to maintain
Georgia chartered the first state University.
DN-0009516, Chicago Daily News
negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society.
established free public schools, ordering small towns to maintain schools
at least six months a year.
King of Denmark announced one of the worlds first compulsory attendance
of Irish Catholics into the cities of the Northeast. This made
compulsory public education for necessary because the new immigrants
needed to be educated in the ways of America.
schools were offered in Lowell, Massachusetts.
Mann was appointed the secretary of the Massachusetts Board of
this time, thirteen additional states had instituted the school district
Philadelphia opened its first coeducational high school.
of Irish Catholics into the cities of the Northeast continued.
banned state aid to parochial (Catholic) schools in New Jersey, Wisconsin,
Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Massachusetts, Iowa, Minnesota, and Kansas.
Massachusetts and Maine passed laws that required the reading of the King
James Bible (the authorized version for use in the Church of England) in
3rd, 1844: Riots broke out in Philadelphia over a compromise measure
of the Board of Controllers, which would excuse Catholic teachers from
leading bible readings.
passed the first compulsory education law, aimed at all children of the
state, which said that children between the ages of 8 and 14 were required
to attend public school at least twelve weeks per year.
DN-0056609, Chicago Daily News
negatives collection, Chicago Historical Society.
New York truancy laws said that any person between 5 and 14 years of age
wandering the streets should be restrained by that person's keeper. The Teacher and the Parent was written by Charles Northend.
were 6,185 Academies in the United States.
Massachusetts Laws forbade Boston, the capital of the anti-slavery
movement, from continuing its policy of segregation in schools.
Boston became the only major city at the time of the Emancipation
Proclamation with integrated schools.
schools in New York City received $1 of public money for every $1600 spent
on white schools.
this time, Massachusetts had more than 1/3 of 300 high schools in the
this time, most US cities classified elementary school students into eight
this time, women teachers were outnumbering men by a ratio of 3:1.
Jersey became the first state to abolish corporal punishment in the
1850 and 1890 the basic school readers, the McGuffey Readers, were the
basic school readers in 37 states.
Dewey founded the laboratory school at the University of Chicago in
which he tested his educational ideas (1894-1904).
the American Journal of Sociology, Edward Ross describes the community,
family, and church as traditionally bringing about Social Control and
depicts this control as on the verge of collapse.
book The Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education "Virtually
Ignored Intellectual Development as an Educational Goal."
Baumgarten was opened in Vienna for children between the ages of 3 and 16,
with play as its guiding principal. This school was closely observed
A book describes the new wave of immigrants as "Almost Wholly without
the Anglosaxon conceptions of Righteousness, Liberty, Law, Order, Public
Decency, and Government."
concluded that children could not be free of control.
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