- Influenced by: Rousseau, the
french writer, political theorist, botanist, musician, and
- Had Influence On: Froebel, the
German creator of Kindergarten.
- Established a school for boys in the
Castle of Yverdon, Switzerland (1805-1825), where he implemented his
method of educating children (the Pestalozzi Method). He first
used educational tools such as field trips, group work, grade levels,
ability grouping, and allowance of individual differences. About
100 underprivileged boys, between ages 7 and 15, were taken in to the
- Established a school for girls similar
to the one for boys (1807).
- Established a school for children with
hearing and/or speech disabilities. This was the first school of
its type in Switzerland, and the world (1813).
- Published How Gertude Teachers Her
Children (1801). This represents his initial influence on
- Believed that children should not be
taught through words, but through activity.
- Tried to strike a balance between
education for the purpose of personal freedom and education for the
purpose of citizenship (it was important for citizens to be educated
so they would be responsible, and would understand the laws of their
country, colony or town).
- Children should not be given answers,
but should be allowed to go through the exploration process that will
lead them to the answer.
- The Whole Child must be educated, not
just their intellect. Hands, Heart and Head must be kept
- Disapproved of Memorization.
"I wish to wrest education from the
outworn order of doddering old teaching hacks as well as from the
new-fangled order of cheap, artificial teaching tricks, and entrust it to
the eternal powers of nature herself, to the light which God has kindled
and kept alive in the hearts of fathers and mothers, to the interests of
parents who desire their children grow up in favour with God and with
men." (Pestalozzi quoted in Silber 1965: 134).
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